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Shame. Anger. Depression. Anxiety. Perfectionism.
These unhealthy feelings are often the result of unhealthy thought patterns and ultimately lead to self-defeating behaviors. This is especially true among clients with addictions or compulsive behavior problems. Rational-Emotive Therapy, or RET, was developed by Dr. Albert Ellis as a method to help clients challenge and change irrational beliefs. It has since been renamed Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, or REBT, to reflect its cognitive roots.
REBT helps clients learn and practice new ways of thinking, feeling, and acting. Here's how REBT works:
THE ABC's of REBT
A. Describe the situation that is upsetting you. Include only facts.
B. Describe your opinion, judgment, and interpretation of the event. What are you thinking when you are upset?
C. Describe your fallings. Pinpointing your feelings and exploring them increase your self-awareness.
D. Dispute your thinking. Develop positive thoughts. Substitute each thought in B with a more helpful thought. Turn "I should" into "I prefer." Turn "it's awful" into "it's inconvenient."
E. Set reasonable, reachable goals. Take action.