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Parents' honesty about past drug use promotes responsibility in teens, survey suggests
Survey inspires Hazelden to launch "Four Generations Overcoming Addiction" campaign to inspire national dialogue about alcohol, other drugs
CENTER CITY, MN, October 8, 2009 – Nearly half of parents today admit to using alcohol or other drugs to get drunk or high when they were teenagers, and one in four teens say they've seen their parents high or drunk. Yet more than 90 percent of teens view their parents as role models on issues of using alcohol and drugs and nearly two-thirds (63 percent) say hearing their parents' stories about past alcohol or drug use would make them more responsible about their own use of drugs.
Those are among the findings in a new "Four Generations Overcoming Addiction" survey of teens and parents' attitudes toward parent-child communications about alcohol and drugs, commissioned by Minnesota-based addiction treatment center Hazelden. The research has inspired Hazelden to launch a national "Four Generations Overcoming Addiction" campaign designed to ignite conversations about the dangers of addiction and the value of treatment among Millennials, Generation X, Baby Boomers and the Greatest Generation.
Among the results of Hazelden's "Four Generations Overcoming Addiction" Survey:
- Half of teens say it would make them less likely to use drugs if their parents told them about their own drug use when they were younger.
- Two-thirds of teens (67 percent) say their parents have already told them about their experiences with alcohol and other drugs when they were young – and these teens almost unanimously (95 percent) said that kind of honesty about drug use is a good thing
- Among the one-third of teenagers (33 percent) who report their parents have not talked with them about their own use of drugs as teenagers, two in three (68 percent) say that they would want their parents to share these past experiences.
- Fully 74 percent of teens say they'd turn to their parents as their No. 1 source of advice about the use of alcohol or other drugs, even though 26 percent have seen their parents drunk or high on alcohol or other drugs.
- Parents who have not yet told their teenage children about their own use of alcohol or other drugs most commonly said the reason (for 74 percent of them) was because they'd rather have their children do as they say, not as they did when they were their child's age.
- Whether parents have told their teens about their use of alcohol does not significantly decrease the teens' perceptions of their parents as role models. In fact, teens who are aware of their parents' experiences with alcohol or drugs as teenagers are nearly as likely as those who are not aware to consider their parents to be role models (90 percent vs. 93 percent).
The Hazelden study suggests a major shift has occurred in the course of one generation, as parents of today's teenagers are much more open with their children about their early use of drugs than were their own parents at the time. Sixty-three percent of parents said that when they were teens, their parents told them "nothing" about their use of alcohol or drugs when they were teenagers. In contrast, among the 47 percent of parents surveyed who said they'd used alcohol or other drugs to get drunk or high as a teenager, 77 percent said they had spoken with their teenage children about it. Hazelden says the trend toward parental openness is likely to continue – more than eight in 10 teens say they expect to someday tell their teenage children about their use of alcohol or other drugs.
"Each generation views the use of alcohol and other drugs through a different filter; each requires a different approach when they seek treatment for addiction," says Mark Mishek, president and CEO Hazelden. With more and more students admitting to using drugs in high school, it's vital that all generations break through the stigma and speak openly about addiction and the benefits of treatment and recovery. That's where this campaign comes in--because what one generation might not be able to accomplish alone," concludes Mishek, "four generations surely can if we speak out together."
"The responses Hazelden received from hundreds of parents and teens suggests that it's time for parents to rethink what being a ‘role model' really means," adds addiction medicine specialist Dr. Marvin Seppala, the chief medical officer for Hazelden. "It's not enough to cling to ‘Just Say No' and pretend that today's parents didn't have their own experiences with alcohol and other drugs when they were younger. Teens say they want their parents to be honest and that such openness will lead these teens to be more responsible in their decisions about use.
"As a father who has been open with my children about my own recovery from addiction," says Seppala, "I know first-hand that parents have an opportunity to be real role models -- by talking candidly about the consequences of drinking and using drugs, and the benefits of treatment and recovery."
The launch of Hazelden's "Four Generations Overcoming Addiction" campaign coincides with Hazelden's 60th anniversary, as well as with the month in which the new federal mental-health parity law goes into effect, bringing new hope to families seeking treatment for addicted loved ones.
Note on Hazelden's Survey: Ipsos Public Affairs, a non-partisan, objective research organization based in New York, conducted Hazelden's polling of 603 boys and girls aged 15 to 18 and polling of 620 parents of teenagers from August 14 to September 1, 2009. Teens were interviewed online and parents were interviewed by telephone. A survey with an unweighted probability sample of roughly 600 respondents has an estimated margin of error of +/- 4.0 percentage points.
Hazelden, a national nonprofit organization founded in 1949, helps people reclaim their lives from the disease of addiction. Built on decades of knowledge and experience, Hazelden offers a comprehensive approach to addiction that addresses the full range of patient, family, and professional needs, including treatment and continuing care for youth and adults, research, higher education, public advocacy, and publishing. Hazelden has facilities in Minnesota, Illinois, New York, Oregon, and Florida.
Hazelden is committed to protecting the privacy of people who participate in Hazelden programs and abides by all applicable federal and state laws that protect such confidentiality.